Once you have moved to Rome and joined the expat community in Italy, it’s not all about la dolce vita, alas. Before you can – immerse yourself in the Italian way of life, there are some practical aspects to take care of:
- get a residence permit (permesso di soggiorno)
- obtain a tax ID (codice fiscale)
- confirm your local residence (certificato di residenza)
- acquire a local driver’s license (patente di guida)
We’ll help you get information about living in Rome below.
The “Permesso di Soggiorno”
First things first: some expatriates need to apply for an Italian residence permit (permesso di soggiorno) within a week after arrival. This includes all non-EU nationals who want to stay in Rome for more than three months.
The easiest way of getting a residence permit is going to the nearest Roman post office that features a sportello amico logo. This sign means that you can obtain an official application kit for the residence permit at this branch. Fill in the form as quickly as possible and hand it in at the post office.
The “Codice Fiscale”
Next, it’s time for your Italian tax identification number, the codice fiscale. Every expat – regardless of their nationality – should look into that. You don’t need it only for filing a tax return in Italy. No matter if you’re interested in purchasing property or signing a cellphone contract, you’ll be asked for your codice fiscale more often than not.
To be assigned an Italian tax ID, you have to get in touch with the Agenzia delle Entrate, the Italian tax office. This nationwide agency is present in all Italian regions, including Lazio.
The Agenzia delle Entrate del Lazio is subdivided into various provincial departments. The three direzioni provinciali di Roma, in turn, each include several local offices. You need to find out which ufficio territoriale is closest to your new address in Rome, then get your tax number from there.
The “Certificato di Residenza”
When you have your personal codice fiscale, there’s still some red tape to cut through. Again, the next step is relevant for every foreign resident in Rome, whether they are from an EU member state or not. All stranieri need a residence certificate if they plan on living in Rome for three months or more.
Please note that a residence certificate isn’t the same as the residence permit. The latter allows non-EU nationals to live and work in Italy; the certificato di residenza simply means that you have registered with the local authorities. So, how do you go about doing just that?
The city of Rome includes 19 smaller municipalities. For example, municipio I is the centro storico, the historical center of Rome, and municipio XIII refers to Ostia, Rome’s port and beach resort. Every municipio has an anagrafe, a registry office, to track such demographics as births, deaths, or newly arrived residents. Contact your municipality’s ufficio anagrafico and ask which documents to bring for your registration.
The “Patente di Guida”
For many expats, the bureaucratic hassle is over by now. However, if you prefer driving your own car to relying on the metropolitana, you may have to get an Italian driving permit (patente di guida). Again, foreign residents from EU countries are in luck: as long as they have a valid driving license from their country of origin, they can go on using it in Rome.
However, nationals of other countries should contact the Ufficio della Motorizzazione Civile in Rome. This is the city’s department of transport, where they recognize foreign driver’s licenses. Permits from selected countries, for instance Argentina, Japan, Switzerland, or Taiwan, can simply be swapped for an Italian license.
However, if your driver’s license is from another country, for example Australia or the US, you have to obtain an Italian one. At the Ufficio della Motorizzazione, they are also able to tell you in detail how to kick off this process.
Now that you’re done dealing with Italian bureaucracy, it’s high time for a treat! Just browse the many suggestions for leisure activities on Romeing and enjoy life in the Eternal City to your heart’s content. Buon divertimento!